Hydroelectric power

THEhydropower It is obtained by the transformation of the kinetic energy of moving water into electricity produced by alternators.

It was one of the first energy sources to be used to generate electricity.

There are two main types of hydroelectric plants:

  • flowing water hydroelectric plants, which exploit the power of water flowing along rivers and streams. These systems are located near the watercourse: the water, flowing, pushes the blades and sets in motion a turbine;
  • basin hydroelectric plants, in which the water does not come from a river or stream, but from a basin (e.g. natural lake, artificial lake produced through a dam). In these systems, the water from the basin is passed through ducts that carry the water to the turbine blades which, when rotated, produces electricity.